What is landscaping, and what are the benefits for environments?

There is no doubt that nature offers a multitude of plants. Each one has its characteristic, requires special care and must be allocated according to its purpose. In this case, it is important to understand what landscaping is and how it impacts the environments. 

In today’s article, we will explain what landscaping is, how it can be applied to architectural projects and what are its health benefits. 

Follow the reading and learn more! 


We can define landscaping as a technique aimed at creating areas that can recover a given space or ecosystem that has been destroyed by disordered human action. 

To make this possible, the landscaper recomposes affected spaces with different types of plants, adapting to the needs of each project.

One of the main objectives of landscaping is the recovery of damaged areas through the combination of plants of different colors and shapes. The work aims to seek a harmonious and much more pleasant environment for people to live together. 

Landscaping is often confused with gardening. However, while landscaping has the function of planning green spaces, gardening is responsible for executing what is in the project. They are distinct, but need to be aligned for a satisfactory result. 

How can landscaping be applied to architectural projects?

Those who believe that landscaping can be present only in a traditional way are mistaken. Currently, we have different types of landscaping and each of them fulfills specific functions.

There is, for example, rural landscaping, focused on the countryside, and urban landscaping, which aims to create living spaces through the integration of nature with the architecture of cities.

Within urban landscaping, we have at your disposal different ideas that can be applied in architectural projects. Among them, the Green Roofs and Green Walls are noteworthy.

Landscape fourways

The green wall (or vertical garden / Ecoparede) is the name of the coating of exterior facades or interior walls that integrate nature with the architecture of a building. The purpose of this coating is to give the building a biophilic aspect, making it more pleasant.

The green roofs (or Ecotelhados) represent an evolution of conventional green roofs, since they integrate all the advantages of a suspended garden, with the capture of rainwater, the treatment of effluent (sanitary sewage), the capture of solar energy and many other benefits, such as:

  • In horizontal or even vertical buildings, the thermal insulation provided by the green roof generates energy savings, being able to reduce the internal temperature of the environment by up to 10 ° C.
  • When rainwater is reused or the building’s own effluent is treated, the Ecotelhado does not need to be irrigated with drinking water.

Both the green wall and the green roof are examples of urban landscaping systems, and can be part of residential or business constructions.


Currently, several researches point out the benefits of green spaces in urban areas, which impact even on the health of human beings. 

As mentioned in our article on the power of plants, science has proven that people who spend more time in gardens enjoy different benefits to psychological and physical health, especially when subjected to medical treatments. 

According to DEEWEB NEWS, a study of cardiac patients in New York found that anxiety decreased in those individuals who saw nature scenes and heard noises of water, birds and air breezes.